JavaScript beyond ES6#2 - ES2017: string padding, Object.entries(), Object.values() and more

3 minute read


ES2017 introduced many new cool features, which we are going to see here. I will discuss Async and Await later as they deserve more attention.

String padding(padStart and padEnd)

We can now add some padding to our strings, either at the end (padEnd) or at the beginning (padStart).

// " hello"
// "hello "

We said we want 6 as our padding, but why in both cases we got only 1 space? It happens because padStart and padEnd will go and fill the empty spaces. In our example “hello” is 5 letters, and our padding is 6, which leaves only 1 empty space.

Look at this example

// 10 - 2 = 8 empty spaces
// "        hi"
// 10 - 6 = 4 empty spaces
// "   welcome"


Right align with padStart

We can use padStart if we want to right align something.

const strings = ["short", "medium length", "very long string"];

const longestString = strings.sort(str => str.length).map(str => str.length)[0];

strings.forEach(str => console.log(str.padStart(longestString)));

// very long string
//    medium length
//            short

First we grabbed the longest of our strings and measured its length. We then applied a padStart to all the strings based on the length of the longest so that we now have all of them perfectly aligned to the right.


Add a custom value to the padding

We are not bound to just add a white space as a padding, we can pass both strings and numbers.

"hello".padEnd(13," Alberto");
// "hello Alberto"
// "001"
// "099"


Object.entries() and Object.values()

Let’s first create an Object.

const family = {
  father: "Jonathan Kent",
  mother: "Martha Kent",
  son: "Clark Kent",

In previous versions of JavaScript we would have accessed the values inside the object like this:

// (3) ["father", "mother", "son"]
"Jonathan Kent"

Object.keys() returned us only the keys of the object that we then had to use to access the values.

We now have two more ways of accessing our objects:

// (3) ["Jonathan Kent", "Martha Kent", "Clark Kent"]

// (2) ["father", "Jonathan Kent"]
// (2) ["mother", "Martha Kent"]
// (2) ["son", "Clark Kent"]

Object.values() returns an array of all the values whilst Object.entries() returns an array of arrays containing both keys and values.



This method will return all the own property descriptors of an object. The attributes it can return are value, writable, get, set, configurable and enumerable.

const myObj = {
  name: "Alberto",
  age: 25,
  greet() {
// age:{value: 25, writable: true, enumerable: true, configurable: true}

// greet:{value: ƒ, writable: true, enumerable: true, configurable: true}

// name:{value: "Alberto", writable: true, enumerable: true, configurable: true}


Trailing commas in function parameter lists and calls

This is just a minor change to a syntax. Now, when writing objects we need to leave a trailing comma after each parameter, whether or not it is the last one.

// from this
const object = {
  prop1: "prop",
  prop2: "propop"

// to this
const object = {
  prop1: "prop",
  prop2: "propop",

Notice how I wrote a comma at the end of the second property. It will not throw any error if you don’t put it but it’s a better practice to follow as it will make the life easier to your colleague or team members.

// I write
const object = {
  prop1: "prop",
  prop2: "propop"

// my colleague updates the code, adding a new property
const object = {
  prop1: "prop",
  prop2: "propop"
  prop3: "propopop"
// suddenly he gets an error because he did not notice that I forgot to leave a comma at the end of the last parameter.


Shared memory and Atomics

From MDN:

When memory is shared, multiple threads can read and write the same data in memory. Atomic operations make sure that predictable values are written and read, that operations are finished before the next operation starts and that operations are not interrupted.

Atomics is not a constructor, all of its properties and methods are static (just like Math) therefore we cannot use it with a new operator or invoke the Atomics object as a function.

Examples of its methods are:

  • add / sub
  • and / or / xor
  • load / store


This was the second part of my Beyond ES6 course.

You can also read this articles on medium, on my profile.

Thank you for reading.

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